Exam 1 Review
- Define community. What are some examples?
o Grouping of people residing in a specific locality who interact and connect
through a definite social structure to fulfill a wide range of daily needs
- What are the four components of community?
o A location in space
o Social interaction
o Shared values
- What is community nutrition?
o Strives to improve health, nutrition, and well-being of individuals and
groups within communities
- What are the three arenas that are the focus of community nutrition?
- What is public health?
o Focuses on protecting and promoting people’s health through the actions
- How does the WHO define health?
o Absence of disease and pain
- What are factors/determinants of health (reference Table 1-2)
Determinants of Health
Biology and Genetics Sex, race, age, other hereditary
Lifestyle Physical activity; diet; hobbies;
leisure-time activities; use of drugs:
cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco,
alcohol, prescription medications,
illicit drugs such as cocaine,
marijuana, etc.; religion; safety
practices such as hand washing,
wearing seat belts, and wearing wrist
guards and knee pads, medical selfcare, and stress management.
Living, Working, and Social
Housing, education, occupation,
income, employment status, social
networks such as family, friends,
status/class, economic inequality,
racial and ethnic health disparities,
access to nutritious foods, access to
health services, and public safety.
Community Conditions Climate and geography; water
supply; type and condition of
housing; community design; number
and type of hospitals and clinics;
health and medical services; social
services; leading industries;
community health groups and
organizations; number, type, and
location of grocery stores, etc.;
recreational settings; transportation
systems; built environment
(buildings, sidewalks, bike lanes, and
Background Conditions National food and nutrition policy;
state and local food and nutrition
policy; national minimum wage;
cultural beliefs; cultural values;
cultural attitudes; advertising; media
messages; and food distribution
- What are the three types of prevention efforts? What are examples of each
o Primary- preventing disease by controlling risk factors
o Secondary- detecting disease early through screening and other forms of
o Tertiary- treat and rehabilitate people with illness or injury
- What are the overarching goals of Healthy People 2020?
o Attain high quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability,
injury, and premature death.
o Achieve healthy equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all
o Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all
o Promote quality life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across
all life stages
- What are some tasks involved in community nutrition practice?
o Involve issues of policy, program management, and cost
o Entail making decisions about how to use scarce resources
o Concerned with determining whether nutrition programs and services are
reaching the right audience with the right message and having the desired
o Present challenges to a trained professional—the community nutritionist
- What are the educational requirements for individuals who may work in
community nutrition settings?
o Dietitians: always registered or licensed
o Public health nutritionists: at least a bachelor’s degree
- What are some of the roles/responsibilities one might have as a community
o Roles: educator, counselor, advocate, coordinator, generator of ideas,
facilitator, and supervisor.
o Responsibilities: planning, evaluating, managing, and marketing nutrition
services, programs, and interventions.
- What are some of the social and economic trends for community nutrition?
How might these trends impact community nutrition?
o An aging population
o Generational diversity
o Increasing demands for nutrition and health care services
o Increasing ethnic diversity
o Increasing emphasis on addressing health disparities