Can your health choices and behaviors affect how long you live?

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Can your health choices and behaviors affect how long you live?

Can your health choices and behaviors affect how long you live?

Answer & Explanation (1)

Average life expectancy has steadily increased over the years. This is largely attributed to technological advances in medicine and healthcare.
Each individual can take some steps to ensure a long and prosperous life.
Substance abuse is one of the leading causes of death in young people. Abstaining from substance use can increase the life expectancy.
Hypertension, obesity and diabetes are risk factors for premature death. Following regular schedule of moderate to vigorous physical activity for 150 or 750 minutes a week, respectively, can reduce the risk factors for these diseases. Exercise can also delay the onset of age-associated problems such as loss of stamina, reduced mobility. Improved cardiac health, decrease in blood pressure has been correlated with physical activity. Physical activity is also important to maintain good mental health.
A balanced nutritious diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, cereals and nuts to ensure adequate supply of vitamins, minerals and proteins. Intake of carbohydrates and fats should be moderated to prevent obesity.
Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, stroke, diabetes and hormonal imbalance. Maintaining a healthy BMI (body mass index) includes physical activity and healthy diet.
No matter the age, the mind must be kept happy and occupied with challenging activities to prevent cognitive decline. Mind-body approaches such as yoga or relaxation techniques can be followed to maintain a positive outlook, relieve stress and improve mood. Exercise also helps to relieve depression and other minor mood disorders.
Loneliness and depression can increase the rate of cognitive decline as people age. Building a strong support network and being socially active can help prevent depression and anxiety.
Sample Response
An individual can lead a heathy, disease-free lifestyle by following certain choices:

Avoidance of addictive substances such as tobacco, alcohol or drugs.
Physical activity reduces the risk for many diseases such as cardiovascular diseases.
A balanced diet consisting of all major food groups such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Ensuring physical fitness with a health body weight, regular medical check-ups and following through with the regimen.
Establishing a social network to interact with and support each other. This ensures good mental health.

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