Define the following terms: simple distillation
Define the following terms:
Simple distillation involves the application of heat into a liquid mixture contained in a boiling flask. The "lighter" component or the component with the lower boiling point vaporizes more easily and is collected by cooling off the vapor via cooling water in a condenser. The condensed lighter component can then be collected into a beaker. The "heavier" component or the component with the higher boiling point is left as a liquid in the boiling flask.
The separation of methanol from water can be performed via simple distillation since the boiling point of methanol (64.7oC) is significantly lower than that of water (100oC). If a mixture of methanol and water is distilled in a boiling flask, most of the methanol will be collected in the beaker that collects the condensed vapor and most of the water will remain in the boiling flask.
Simple distillation is the process of separating mixtures with significant differences in their boiling point or relative volatilities.