Herrnstein (1966) noted that superstitious behaviors can sometimes develop as a by-product of (contingent/noncontingent) reinforcement for some other behavior.

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Herrnstein (1966) noted that superstitious behaviors can sometimes develop as a by-product of (contingent/noncontingent) reinforcement for some other behavior.

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Herrnstein (1966) noted that superstitious behaviors can sometimes develop as a by-product of (contingent/noncontingent) reinforcement for some other behavior.

Answer & Explanation (1)

Explanation
"Contingent" is correct
"Non-contingent." is incorrect
Contingent reinforcement represents the delivery of pleasant stimulus or removal of aversive stimulus upon manifesting the desired behavior. Herrnstein [1966] found that illusory beliefs can also emerge as a result of giving reinforcement to the desired behavior. For instance, the desired behavior is studying throughout the day. Whenever the student puts effort, the contingent reinforcement that they receive is a good score. However, when they study hard, sometimes they memorize the information without understanding its meaning. As a consequence, they might associate rote learning with the presentation of rewards.

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