Losing your wallet by being careless is an example of a (negative/positive) punisher, while getting a shock

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Losing your wallet by being careless is an example of a (negative/positive) punisher, while getting a shock

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Losing your wallet by being careless is an example of a (negative/positive) punisher, while getting a shock by being careless is an example of a ________ punisher (assuming in each case that the behavior of carelessness subsequently ________ in frequency).

Answer & Explanation (1)

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Punishment decreases the response rate. The absence of a pleasurable consequence and the experience of an unpleasurable stimulus acts as a good punisher.

Explanation
A positive punisher is an aversive stimulus that is presented after an undesirable behavior takes place to decrease the frequency of the behavior. On the other hand, a negative punisher involves the removal of an appetitive stimulus following a disruptive response to reduce the occurrence of the behavior.

For instance, losing the opportunity to ride in a rollercoaster as a consequence of teasing other peer members will decrease a child's disturbing behavior because the removal of the opportunity acted as a negative punisher, whereas getting scolded by the teacher for disturbing others will decrease the behavior because the scolding acted as a positive punisher.

Verified Answer
negative

positive

decreases

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