Theists one who believes in Gods existence Ethical Objectivity states a moral law can be true independently of what anyone, anywhere thinks of them
one who believes in Gods existence
states a moral law can be true independently of what anyone, anywhere thinks of them
one who doesn’t believe in God’s existence
The argument from atheism
Ethics is only objective if God exist but God doesn’t exist. Therefore ethics cant be objective.
The Divine Command Theory
States an act as morally right as long as God commands it to be
Does ethical objectivity require God? Shafer-Landu states that most people think if moral rules are objective then they are authored by God. This includes theists many of whom that only believe in God because they believe in ethical objectivity and don’t have another way of defending that idea. It also includes atheists who embrace moral skepticism, only because they think the only escape from it is God, who atheists obviously reject.
The Argument from atheism
A. The argument from atheism says ethics is objective if God exist, but God doesn’t exist. Therefore, ethics isn’t objective.
A. In one of Plato’s dialogue, a man named Euthyphro confidentially tells Socrates of his impending lawsuit against his own father, because he allowed a slave to die of exposure, which is murder and piety requires a conviction. This caused Euthyphro and Socrates to discuss the nature of piety that would have lasting circumstances in the history of western thought. Euthyphro would later be remembered for causing the dilemma Socrates sets the title character: is an action pious because the gods love it, or do the gods love it because it is pious?
A. The Divine Command Theory states an act is morally right as long as God commands it to be. Basically it has us picture a God who controls our in game in his entirety, making up all the rules, and giving no reason for doing so.
A. If God’s say-so is what make actions right or wrong, then we have to ask: does God command and love things for reasons, or just arbitrarily? If arbitrarily is the case then this is hardly a God worthy of worship. If there were no moral rules or reasons prior to what God commands, then there is nothing could rely on to justify his theory. Without ethical objectivism and relying on The Divine Command Theory, God could of easily flipped the script between good and evil.