What are the major contributions and strengths of choice theory/reality therapy when applied to group work? What are some of the limitations of this approach?

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What are the major contributions and strengths of choice theory/reality therapy when applied to group work? What are some of the limitations of this approach?

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What are the major contributions and strengths of choice theory/reality therapy when applied to group work? What are some of the limitations of this approach?

Answer & Explanation (1)

Explanation
Reality Therapy by William Glasser
This therapeutic intervention based on the humanist philosophy is based on personal decisions.
The humanistic orientation in psychotherapy, which emerged as a "third force" in the face of the predominance of psychoanalysis and behaviorism, promotes the conception of people as beings oriented towards the good, individual development, the recognition of their own strengths, creativity, taking responsibility and living the present moment.
In addition to the person-centered therapy of Carl Rogers, the psychodrama of Jacob Levy Moreno, the Gestalt therapy of Fritz Perls, or the existential psychotherapy of Abraham Maslow, among this set of therapeutic interventions we find some less known, such as reality therapy. developed by William Glasser.
William Glasser Biography
Psychiatrist William Glasser (1925-2013) was born in Cleveland, Ohio. Although at age 20 he graduated in Chemical Engineering and devoted himself to this profession for a time, he later chose to focus on his true calling: human life. In 1949 he completed a master's degree in Clinical Psychology and in 1953 he obtained a doctorate in Psychiatry.
Glasser finished his studies working with veterans of the Second World War, a task to which he continued to dedicate himself until he was expelled from the Veterans Administration Hospital for his opposition to the ideas of Freud, which prevailed among the leadership of this institution.
Later he worked with girls with criminal behavior problems; around this time he began to develop the ideas that would make him a celebrated author. In 1957 he opened a private psychotherapeutic clinic in Los Angeles, California, where he would work until 1986. As his career progressed, Glasser began to focus on teaching and outreach.
In 1965 he developed his best-known contribution: Reality Therapy (or "Reality Therapy"), an intervention that is part of humanistic psychology and focuses on the acceptance of reality by people dissatisfied with current conditions. of their life. For Glasser, the core of therapeutic change is the human capacity to decide.
The theory of selection
In the late 1970s Glasser developed his theory of human behavior, which he eventually called "Choice Theory". His work was based on the contributions of William T. Powers, with whose point of view he clearly identified after becoming familiar with it.
The core idea of ​​Glasser's theory of selection is that people's dissatisfaction with their interpersonal relationships is due to the biological need to have power over others and to force them to do what they want. The objective of his theoretical contributions was to help people respect each other.
The theory of selection proposes the existence of a "World of Quality" in our mind. It consists of images about our personal conceptions of relationships, beliefs, possessions, etc. that we consider ideal. This World of Quality develops during life from the internalization of aspects of reality.
Glasser stated that we constantly and unconsciously compare perceptions of the world with the idealized images, similar to Jungian archetypes, that make up the World of Quality. Each individual tries to ensure that his life experience is consistent with what he considers to be the model to be achieved.
Glasser's selection theory is completed with the 10 axioms described by this author:
1. We can only control our own behavior, not that of others.
2. We can only give information to other people.
3. All lasting psychological problems are relational in nature.
4. The troubled relationship is always part of our life today.
5. Although the past determines our current way of being, we can only satisfy our present and future needs.
6. To satisfy our needs we must satisfy the images of the Quality World.
7. All that people do is behavior.
8. "Total Behavior" is made up of four components: performance, thought, emotion, and physiology.
9. We only have direct control over acting and thinking; the change in these indirectly influences the modification of emotion and physiology.
10. Total Behavior is designated by verbs that refer to its characteristics that are easier to identify.
Reality Therapy
William Glasser's reality therapy aims to achieve concrete goals through problem solving and making sound decisions. It is about helping the client achieve their personal goals by analyzing their current behaviors and modifying those that interfere with the goals.
This psychotherapy focuses on the to present and in the improvement of the conditions of the future; This is contrary to the strategies of a good part of the clinical interventions that existed at the time Reality Therapy emerged, which were interested above all in the past and the personal history of the person.
Glasser described five basic needs: love and belonging, power, survival, freedom, and fun. The therapist must collaborate with the client so that he can satisfy these needs; According to this author, people who seek therapeutic help with this objective reject the reality in which they are immersed.
Thus, Glasser attributed the psychological and emotional problems to the unsatisfactory results of the clients' behaviors, and not to the fact that the social and legal context, or the very self-demands of the person, can be excessively strict. Therapeutic emphasis is on what is under the client's control.
Therefore, for Glasser, the "cure" for dissatisfaction consists of assuming greater responsibilities, maturity, and awareness than exist today. Therapeutic success would be related to the fact that the client stops rejecting reality and understands that he will only achieve satisfaction by working on himself.

Answer
Reality therapy is the methodology for applying the key concepts of choice theory, which is based on the idea that human behavior is intentional and originates from within individuals and not from external forces. . If the theory of choice is the road, then reality therapy is the vehicle that carries the product.

Sigmund Freud vs. William Glasser
behavior behavior
Choosing repressed thoughts, desires and memories
Consciousness .............. Unconscious thoughts and desires
Behavior (outer) Behavior (inner)
Philosophy
● It is that we can only control what we are currently doing. We may be the product of our past, but we are not the victims of our past, unless we choose to do so. Reality therapy is based on the assumption that people strive to gain control of their lives to meet their needs.
● Glasser affirms "that what happened in the past that was painful has a lot to do with who we are today, but revisiting this painful past can contribute little or nothing to what we have to face now"
● Reality therapy seeks to help groups solve problems and cope with the demands of reality, by making more effective decisions.
● Groups can improve the quality of their lives by honestly examining their wants, needs, and perceptions.
● This philosophy is very much based on focusing on the present and on improving the conditions of the future.
Techniques and procedure
● The counseling environment
● Specific procedures that lead to changes in behavior.
● Each human being is unique and his unique needs, the procedures to change behavior will depend on how he sees his reality versus what reality is like.
● The art of counseling is to bring these two components together in a way that guides the groups to evaluate their lives and they decide to move into more effective behavior.
● The success of the counselor is when the client stops rejecting reality and understands that he will only achieve satisfaction by working on himself.
● Accept the Reality and work on that Reality.
● Basic needs of reality therapy:
1. Love and Belonging 2. Power 3. Survival 4. Freedom 5. Fun
CONTRIBUTIONS AND STRENGTHS OF REALITY THERAPY APPLIED TO GROUP WORK
Role of the group leader
_1. He strives to create a good relationship with the members. Encourage them to consider different options, in the following ways:
to. Actively promoting discussion for current behavior and discouraging excuses for irresponsible or ineffective behavior.
b. Helping to do self-assessments of their behavior in the present.
c. Teaching how to formulate and carry out plans to change their behaviors.
d. Helping participants assess their level of commitment to their action plans
and. Encouraging participants to identify how to keep making the changes they want and need.
F. Guiding the group member to a satisfactory relationship and teaching them to be more effective in the way they act.
_two. They take an active verbal and directive role, focusing on the strengths and realization of the potentials of the group members and not on their misery, challenging them to examine their unused potential and to discover how to work towards more effective options and therefore, more effective control.
_3. It conveys the idea that no matter the circumstances, there is always hope.
_4. The leader functions as an advocate, who, together with group members, creatively addresses a series of concerns and options.
Role of the group member
● Know essential human needs (Quality World):
○ Survival, love, power, freedom and fun.
● Build quality relationships with your peers.
● Make informed decisions about their training, development and needs.
● Directly control your actions and thoughts.
_Responding to demands
_Being self-determining
_ Take responsibility for the consequences of your choices (behavior)

STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS OF THIS APPROACH
STRENGTHS:
● Has proven to be effective in managing behavior and making decisions.
● You don't believe in dealing with drugs.
LIMITATIONS:
● There is no theory to support Glasser's work.
● TR is effective for addressing systematic behavior problems, but not for underlying causes and behavioral reasons.
● Many academics from is He is discredited by the branch for not using drugs to treat.
GREETINGS, I HOPE THIS INFORMATION WILL HELP YOU CLEAR UP YOUR QUESTIONS
References
● https://psicologiaymente.com/clinica/terapia-realidad-william-glasser
● https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/monografia/freud/
● https://prezi.com/ovvrkhvlire_/terapia-de-la-realidad/
● https://www.incredibleart.org/links/toolbox/discipline3.html
● http://rooseveltislanddaily.prosepoint.net/149398
● https://www.goodtherapy.org/learn-about-therapy/types/reality-therapy
● https://www.theedadvocate.org/reality-therapy-educators-need-knowglassers-approach-classroom-management/
● https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MLIOwYaTHxg

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