What is the greatest challenge you expect to face in old age?

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What is the greatest challenge you expect to face in old age?

What is the greatest challenge you expect to face in old age?

Answer & Explanation (1)

Explanation
Successful aging refers to the disease-free, life with complete physical and mental functioning. Effective aging is the ability to adapt to old age irrespective of the associated illness or health problems. Optimal aging pertains to personal and social aspects of aging.

As people age, their body and mind functioning reduces. Even though life expectancy has increased, the last decade or so of a person' life is usually spent in one or more chronic illnesses. Only a small section of the elderly population enjoys good health in old age. Physical activity along with mentally stimulating activities are essential to delay the problems that occur commonly in old age.

Reduced sensory perception such as hearing loss or diminished sight, reduced mobility are major factors that deprive elderly of independent living. They require assistance for their routine activities.

Most common problems faced by elderly people are

Decreased cognitive processes such as thinking, memory and learning. Likelihood of dementia, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are higher.
Decreased functioning of respiratory, endocrine, respiratory and immune systems. Likely to contract infections like bronchitis.
Decreased strength in muscles, bones and stamina. Increased incidence of osteoporosis and arthritis. Risk for falls and fatal injuries increases.
Decreased cardiorespiratory fitness. Decreased heart function and blood flow to tissues.
Digestive enzyme production drops so digestion is poor.
Increased urination caused by decreased bladder capacity and less efficient kidney function.
Sample Response
Decreased mobility, stiffness in joints, loss of muscle mass, lower stamina and increase in body fat are age-related health problems.

Risk of falls and fractures, cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal disorders like arthritis, cancer, hypertension, diabetes increases with age.

Anxiety, depression, lower self-esteem, sense of helplessness or dependency increases with age. Decrease in cognitive functions such as memory, learning and impaired sensory perception are usually seen in old age.

Immunity, lung capacity, kidney and digestive function decreases, making elderly people more susceptible to diseases.

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